Bilaspur district is a district of Himachal Pradesh state with its administrative headquarters located at Bilaspur town. Earlier, the present day’s Bilaspur district was a part of a princely state of British India called Kahlur. During different periods of time the place was ruled by different rulers among whom the Chandela Rajput’s dynasty was the significant one. The town of Bilaspur was established in the year 1663. On the other hand Guru Tegh Bahadur came to the place of Bilaspur on 13th May 1665 in order to attend the mourning for Raja Dip Chand of this region. Then the Dowager Rani Champa of this place gifted the Guru a piece of land in her state. But the Guru bought it for Rs. 500. At that time the land consisted of the villages of Lodhipur, Mianpur and Sahota. The ground was divided on 19th June, 1665, by Baba Gurditta Randhawa. And the new village was named after the Guru's mother, Nanaki. After sometime Chakk Nanaki became well known as Anandpur Sahib. In 1932 state came under the newly formed States Agency of Punjab. After India got its independence in the year 1947, the ruler of the place of that time named HH Raja Sir Anand Chand handed over it to the Government of India on 12th October, 1948 the ruler and then Bilaspur became an Indian state under a chief commissioner. Finally, the state of Bilaspur was merged with Himachal Pradesh and emerged as a district on the map of Himachal Pradesh state on 1st July 1954. On the other hand, Bilaspur, the historic town was submerged in 1954 when the Sutlej River was dammed to create the Govind Sagar and in this way a new town was constructed up slope of the old one.
Naib Subedar Sanjay Kumar, an illustrious Indian Army soldier, a Junior Commissioned Officer was born on 3rd March, 1976 at Kalol Bakain in the Bilaspur district. The Government of India honoured him with the highest military award, Param Vir Chakra.
Geographically, the district lies at 31°35'N latitude and 76°76'E longitude. The altitude of the district is 673 m. In the year 2021, there was a total 32.70% forest area of total geographical area. The district encompasses a geographical area of 1,167 sq kms and it is bounded by Hamirpur district on the North, Una district on the North West, Punjab on the South West, Solan district on the South East, Mandi district on the East and Una district on the West. Since it is located in the valley at lower altitude hence its natives experience extreme hot in the summer. Whereas due to the surrounding mountains top its climate remain pleasant and fairly cold in the winter. Most of its rainfall occurs in the monsoon season. The actual rainfall in the district was 1332.4 mm in the year of 2021-22.
Administration wise, the district is divided into 2 sub-divisions namely Sadar and Ghumarwin. Moreover it comprises 4 towns and 1,061 villages. The administrative language in the district is Hindi.
According to 2011 census the district has a population of 3,81,956 out of which 1,92,764 are males and 1,89,192 are females. The district has a sex ratio of 981 (females for every 1000 males). During the year 2001-2011 the population growth rate in the district was 12.05% including 12.55% were males and 11.54% were females. As per 2011 census the major religion in the district is Hindu with 97.39% of the total population. The population density in the district is 327 (persons per sq km). As per 2011 census the principal languages in the district are Punjabi and Hindi with 80.38% and 18.85%. In the year 2020 the number of live births in the district was 4,616 out of which 2,371 were males and 2,245 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 2,345 out of which 1,331 were males and 1,014 were females.
Agriculture is the backbone of the economy of the district. Most of the lands in the district are use for agricultural purposes. More than half of its populations are engaged in agriculture in order to earn their livelihood. The chief agricultural products in the district are maize, rice, wheat, sugarcane, mustard, gram, ginger, etc. The adoption of the new agricultural technologies amongst the farmers of the district helps to increase the production of various agricultural items. Every year a huge chunk of revenue comes from the agricultural products in the district helps in its economy to a great extent. In terms of industrial sector, the district has only a few cement factories out of these cement factories ACC cement factory is the prominent one. In the year 2015-2016 the gross domestic product in the district was Rs. 5,64,165 lakh at current price in the year 2011-2012. In the year 2015-16 the net domestic product in the district was Rs. 5,00,895 lakh at current price in the year 2011-2012. In the year 2015-2016 the Per Capita Income was in Rs. 1,25,958 at Current Price in the year 2011-2012. The district is well known as an abode of several reputed educational institutions. It provides a platform for higher education. As per 2011 census the literacy rate in the district is 84.59% including 91.16% are males and 77.97% are females. The literates in the district are 2,87,620 including 1,55,599 are males and 1,32,021 are females.
Suresh Chandel, an eminent Indian politician and a member of the 12th, 13th and 14th Lok Sabha representing the Hamirpur constituency of Himachal Pradesh was born on 19th March, 1960 at Bilaspur town. He is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party.
The district has several centers of attraction which allures many travelers from different parts of the country as well as world. The Temple of Shri Naina Devi, situated on a hilltop in the Bilaspur district is closely associated with a great mythological story. As per the belief of a legend, after the Goddess Sati burnt herself alive in Yagna, Lord Shiva became depressed and picked the corpse of Sati on his shoulder, then started to dance Tandava. For this very reason Lord Vishnu unleash his Chakra which cut the Sati’s body into 51 pieces. And Shri Naina Devi Temple is the place where her eyes fell down. Vyaas Gufa, the oldest and the most renowned religious place situated on the left bank of Sutlej River. Natives of the district believe that Rishi Vyas of Mahabharata era lived in this Gufa in penance. Markandey temple, located at a distance of 20 km. from Bilaspur is named after Rishi Markandey. Pilgrims from far distance place come to this temple in order to offer their prayers. Some other important places of interest in the district are Bandla Hills, Bhakar Dam, Nahar Singh Dhaulra, Baba Balak Nath, Badol Devi Temple, Gugga Gehrwin Temple, Kandrour Bridge and many more.